Missouri is one of the several states in the U.S. that use a grand jury…
1.Threat of death or bodily injury
Jury choice is that the procedure whereby persons from the community are known as to court, questioned by the litigants on their qualifications to function a panelist then either designated to or rejected to serve as a juror. All persons qualified for grand or petty jury service shall be voters of the state and shall be designated haphazardly from a good cross section of the citizens of the county. A national of the county or of a town not among a county that the jury could also be impaneled shall not be excluded from choice for attainable grand or petty jury service due to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, or economic standing.
Jury Selection in Missouri
In the American court system, criminal defendants are guaranteed the right to trial by a “jury of their peers”. In Missouri, a pool of potential jurors is randomly selected from the local population of individuals eligible for jury duty.
A prospective juror must be:
- At least 21 years of age
- A citizen of the United States
- A resident of the county or city issuing the summons
- If convicted of a felony has had their civil rights restored
- Able to read, speak and understand the English language
- Must not be mentally or physically ill or infirmed.
Process of Jury Selection
The first stage in jury choice is summoning a pool of potential jurors from the list of native voters eligible to serve on a jury in Missouri, as represented on top of. The master jury list shall be comprised a range of names from a minimum of 2 sources, which might be the private land tax list, voter’s registration list, and driver’s license records. The list can comprise not but 5 % of the entire population of the county or town not at intervals a county, however ne’er but four hundred names. Population statistics are provided by the decennial census. Records are preserved for five years from compilation however updated as deemed applicable by every various board of jury commissioners.
If your name is randomly selected for the jury pool through the process described above, you receive a jury summons in the mail instructing you to appear for jury selection on a pre-set day.
Just because you qualify to be a juror and are summoned for jury selection, doesn’t mean that you will be selected to be a juror on a case. The process of “Voir Dire”, the actual act of jury selection, is how judges, defense attorneys, and prosecutors actually choose the individuals who will sit on the juries for upcoming criminal and civil cases. During the voir dire process, each lawyer will ask the pool of potential jurors a series of questions about their background, beliefs, prejudices, or relationships with any party to the case.
If you are selected to serve on a jury, you will be provided with the trial date and must return to serve on the jury for the duration of the trial and deliberations. If you were not selected to serve on any jury during the voir dire process, you can go home, and your Missouri jury duty obligations are complete.
You will receive nominal Missouri jury duty pay for the jury selection day, as well as for any days served on a jury. Once your service is complete, you won’t be summoned for jury duty again until Missouri re-adds you to the potential juror pool.
Jurors coverage for civic duty or jury choice within the state of Missouri is expected to decorate professionally, in an exceeding manner acceptable for court space.
Most courthouses counsel dress starting from business casual to business apparel. For men, this implies slacks or khakis and a polo or button-down shirt, doubtless with a tie or suit jacket. For women, this implies a professional-looking try of pants or a skirt, cardigan, sweater, twinset, or shirt.
As a juror, you’re expected to take care of a knowledgeable and respectable look whereas performing arts your duties. Hats ought to ne’er be worn in an exceeding court, and you must avoid carrying shorts, t-shirts, tank tops, or something written with logos or slogans.
Fail to Appear for Jury Duty
While there is a variety of the way to be lawfully exempt from civic duty in Missouri, failing to look once summoned for jury choice or civic duty while not Associate in Nursing excuse is unlawful, and might lead to legal repercussions.
A prospective panelist WHO fails to look and fails to point out cause could also be penalized up to $500. additionally, too, or in the role of, the fine, the court might order community service for an amount of no but if the possible panelist would have completed jury service, with proof of completion.
Employers in Missouri are taboo from penalizing workers who miss work for civic duty.
Jurors in Missouri will be selected no more than once every two years.